Cheer on our Aussies at the Rio 2016 Paralympics!
More than 120 hours of adrenaline pumping Rio 2016 Paralympic Games action will start being broadcast on free-to-air television screens across Australia for the first time on Thursday morning.
The opening ceremony will air live on 7TWO from 7am Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST) on and Channel Seven will also give viewers live access on their smart phones or tablets, via the free 7Live app.
“The new app is created and developed as part of Seven’s suite of digital products for Android, iPhone and the web,” said Kristy Bradmore, Executive Producer of Paralympic Games on Seven.
“It is available now in the app store, Google Play or at www.7live.com.au and will include a live simulcast stream of 7TWO’s extensive and exclusive coverage of the Paralympic Games along with medal tallies, profiles of the Australian athletes and video on demand highlights.”
To find out when Aussie Paralympians are competing and when you can watch them, check out this guide from TV Tonight.
Channel Seven’s list of Australians to watch in Rio
Angie Ballard, 400m, paraplegic, T53
— The Daily Telegraph (@dailytelegraph) September 6, 2016
- Under the guidance of coach Louise Sauvage, she claimed silver in the 200m and 400m in London, and bronze in the 100m.
- At an International Paralympic Committee (IPC) Grand Prix in Switzerland last year she broke a six year old world record for the 400m and went on to claim world championship titles in the 200m and 400m in Doha last year.
- Angie’s paraplegia was the result of a car accident when she was 7.
Carlie Beattie, long jump, left arm limb deficiency, F46
— Athletics Australia (@AthsAust) September 4, 2016
- World record holder in her event, with a mark of 6.01m.
- Current world champion who turned the silver she claimed at the London 2012 Paralympics into gold in Doha last year.
- Born without a fully formed arm, had silver and bronze medals from her previous two world championships in 2013 and 2011.
- Excelled at a number of sports including hockey and netball, and made her Paralympic debut at the 2008 Beijing games.
Aaron Chatman, high jump, right hand amputee, F46
- Has come out of retirement after winning a silver medal in the high jump and a bronze in the 4x100m relay in Beijing in 2008
- Entered the 2008 Paralympics as the world record holder, setting a mark of 2.05m in 2007.
- Performance in Beijing was hampered by a bout of chicken pox a week before the Games but he recovered enough to claim silver.
Richard Colman, 400m, 800m, relay, spina bifida, T53
- Heading to his fourth Paralympic Games.
- Won his first gold in the 800m in Athens 2004 and added another gold in the 800m eight years later in London, along with two bronze medals.
- Wheelchair racer has been at the forefront of the athletics team for 10 years and is now also coaching. He was the first wheelchair AFL goal umpire in the Geelong League.
Madison de Rozario, 800m, paraplegia, T53
- On target to win a medal after breaking through for her first world title, winning the 800m wheelchair race at the IPC Athletics World Championships in Doha last year.
- Nicknamed ‘Bandit’ after the tattoo on her left arm
- She has transverse myelitis, a neurological disease which inflames the spinal cord.
- Studies at Murdoch University in WA and has passion for visual art and digital painting.
- Trains with Angie Ballard under coach Louise Sauvage.
Kurt Fearnley, 1500m, 5000m, marathon, relay, Lumbar sacral agenesis (missing lower part of spine) T54
— 7TWO (@7TWOAU) September 1, 2016
- Last Paralympics for the legend of Australian sport.
- Has done it all in his 20-year athletics career and this will be his fifth Paralympic Games.
- Has won three gold, six silver and two bronze medals across four Paralympic Games, with back-to-back marathon gold medals in Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008.
Evan O’Hanlon, 100m, 400m, mild cerebral palsy on left side, T38
- Has goal to break his 100m world record of 10.79sec.
- Set in 2014, it made him the fastest Australian Paralympian ever across all classes, and he also won the able-bodied title at the ACT national titles.
- He recently completed his landscape architecture degree and owns a café in Canberra with his wife.
- At his first Paralympics in Beijing he won the 100m and 200m and broke both world records.
- He also became the first athlete with cerebral palsy to break 11 seconds for the 100m.
- In London again won gold in the 100m and 200m and carried flag at the London 2012 Closing Ceremony.
- In Rio he will also contest the 400m as the IPC has dropped the 200m event in his cerebral palsy class.
Todd Hodgetts, shotput, intellectual disability, F20
- Aiming to defend the shotput gold medal he won in London 2012.
- That was a world record breaking performance – he threw 16.29m.
- Will go to Rio as favourite after winning the world title in his event in Doha in 2015.
- When athletes with an intellectual disability were ruled out of the Paralympic Games between 2000 and 2012, he took up weightlifting and became Tasmanian record holder in the Super Heavyweight division.
- He also set an Australian Junior dead lift record of 267.5kg.
- Nicknamed “The Hulk’’ by his family and friends.
Madeline Hogan, javelin, Left arm limb deficiency, F46
- Won bronze at the London 2012 Paralympics.
- At the world championships in Doha in 2015 she ruptured her ACL and has raced the clock to be fit for Rio, making an incredible recovery.
- A popular and influential team member who is also talented at several other sports and the piano.
- Prior to competing in javelin, Madeleine was a talented cricketer and twice represented in the Under 19 National Championships for women’s cricket.
Isis Holt, 100m and 200m, celebral palsy, T35
- A sensation at the IPC world championships in Doha last year, winning the 100m and 200m.
- Turned 15 on July 3 and only took up para-athletics in 2014, with a mantra, “my ability is bigger than my disability”.
- The trip to Doha was the first time that Holt had travelled overseas, but she handled the occasion calmly and broke the 200m world record in her cerebral palsy class with a 28.58sec run.
Torita Isaac, 100m, 200m, 400m, cerebral palsy and vision impairment, T38
- One of two indigenous athletes on the Australian Paralympic team to Rio
- Competed at the London 2012 Paralympics, and has risen up the rankings with a bronze medal in the 400m at the 2015 IPC world titles in Doha.
- Torita was born with cerebral palsy, has no vision in her right eye and can only see things when they’re less than six metres away, and on her left side.
- Will run the 100m, 200m, 400m and 4x100m relay in her T-38 category at Rio.
- “My ultimate ambition is to show indigenous kids, whether they’re disabled or not, what they can do when they don’t quit. We don’t have to donothing. Sport saved me,’’ says Isaac, who is from the Kamilaroi people in the Moree region.
- She admits racing can be scary for her, particularly in the 400m, as she has difficulty seeing the lane lines.
Dion Kenzie, 1500m, cerebral palsy, T38
- Will go to Rio as a strong favourite in the 1500m after breaking his own world record earlier this year.
- Claimed bronze in the 1500m at the IPC world championships in Doha last year
- Was competing nationally as an able-bodied runner when his coach, Mike Gunson, noticed he had co-ordination issues which affected his ability to accelerate or change pace.
- He discovered Deon had cerebral palsy which opened up international opportunities.
Chad Perris, 100m, albinism, visually impaired, T13
- Placed second in the 200m at last year’s IPC world championships with a personal best time and broke the national record by almost half a second to cross in 21.82secs.
- Also won the bronze in the 100m with a time of 10.96.
Scott Reardon, 100m, right limb below knee loss, T42
- Won a silver medal at the London 2012 Paralympics.
- Has gone on to be the world champion in his 100m T42 event for leg amputees, winning gold in Doha
- Represented Australia at the World Water Skiing Championships and won the world title in 2007 and 2009.
- Had leg amputated after a farming accident in 2002.
Michael Roeger, 1500m, right arm limb deficiency, T46
- Broke the Men’s 1500m T46 world record, clocking 3:49.08, and goes into Rio with high expectations.
- Competed in Beijing and London but didn’t come away with a medal. At last year’s world championships in Doha he came third and is determined to improve at Rio 2016.
- Has also played Australian football, basketball and cricket.
Brad Scott, 1500m, cerebral palsy, T37
- A two-time Paralympics silver medallist
- Performed well at the IPC world titles in Doha in 2015, with another silver medal.
Russell Short, Shot put, vision impairment, F12
- Goes to his eighth Olympic Games in Rio as one of Australia’s most successful Paralympians.
- Has won six Paralympic gold medals – discus and javelin in Seoul 1988; discus and shot put in Barcelona 1992; and shot put and discus in Sydney 2000.
- Also two silver in Atlanta 1996 and bronze in both Athens 2004 and London 2012.
- Works as a massage therapist and lost his sight at the age of 4, due to macular degeneration.
- In 1993 he kayaked across Torres Strait from Cape York to New Guinea, and he has also walked the Kokoda Track.
- Started competing in 2011
- Born with Spinal Muscular Atrophy
- Career highlight was bouncing back from a heavy defeat to win against the world number 5 at the Montreal World Open in 2014
Just 15 days until our Paralympic team say a big hello to Rio! #OurTeam #RioClassOf2016
Michael Anderson, 100m, 200m freestyle, 100m, 200m backstroke, nerve damage to legs, hearing impairment, S10
- Won a silver medal in the 100m backstroke at his first Paralympics in Beijing, then in London in 2012 won gold in the 4x100m freestyle relay and bronze in the 4x100m medley.
- Part of bronze medal winning relay team at 2015 world championships.
- Had meningitis when he was 20 months old, resulting in severe hearing loss in both ears and nerve damage to the lower limbs.
- A daredevil who has been swimming with great white sharks, backpacked around Asia and learnt to surf.
Blake Cochrane, 100m breaststroke, 100m freestyle, hands and feet limb deficiency, S8, SB
- Has swum in the shadow of the great Matt Cowdrey, but now, going to his third Paralympics, it could be his time.
- Earned a silver medal in the 100m breaststroke SB7 in Beijing, and also swam in London 2012.
Ellie Cole, 100m freestyle, backstroke, butterfly, right leg limb loss, S9
- Won four gold medals at the London 2012 Paralympic Games – in the 100m backstroke and freestyle and the 4x100m freestyle and medley relays, and two bronze.
- In 2015 she broke a world record in her first race at the IPC Swimming World Championships.
- Ended with three gold and two silver medals.
- Earlier this year broke eight year old S9 50m freestyle world record at trials in Adelaide.
- Diagnosed with cancer at the age of two and her parents made the decision to amputate her leg.
- Started swimming as part of her rehabilitation.
Rowan Crothers, 100m freestyle, cerebral palsy, S9, SB9, SM9
- Showed his talent at the 2014 Commonwealth Games when he won gold in the 100m freestyle and set a new S9 100m world record of 54.58sec.
- Has cerebral palsy and chronic lung disease, a result of being born 15 weeks prematurely.
- His cerebral palsy affects the efficiency of his kick, so he uses a propulsion style kick to make the most of his leg strength and coordination.
Katja Dedekind, breaststroke, vision impaired, S13
- At 15, she’s the Youngest member of the team
- Has played in the Australian Goalball Championships and been awarded a prize for her poetry.
Madison Elliott, 50m, 100m freestyle, cerebral palsy, S8
- Only 17 years old but is about to go to her second Paralympic Games.
- Competed in London when she was only 13 and became the youngest Australian Paralympian to win a gold medal.
- Won gold as part of the 4x100m freestyle relay, and also came home with silver in the 50m freestyle and bronze in the 100m and 400m freestyle.
Brenden Hall, 200m, 400m freestyle, right leg amputee, S9
- Won gold in London in the 400m freestyle and the 4x100m men’s freestyle relay team as well as bronze as part of the 4x100m medley relay team.
- At the 2015 World Championships he won gold in the 100m backstroke S9 and 400 m freestyle S9 and bronze in the 100 m Freestyle S9.
- Contracted chicken pox at age six and had to have his right leg amputated.
- He also lost 70% of his hearing and works as a qualified surf life saver
Ahmed Kelly 100m breaststroke, double arm and leg deficiency, SB3
- He and his brother Emmanuel spent the first seven years of their life in a Baghdad orphanage before being brought to Australia by their adopted mother, Moira Kelly.
- Took up swimming eight years ago, went to his first Paralympics in London 2012 and came fourth in the 50m breaststroke.
Matt Levy, freestyle, cerebral palsy and vision impairment, S7
- Won gold as part of the 4x100m medley relay in Beijing.
- In London, at his third Paralympics, brought home relay gold, a silver and three bronze medals.
- At 2015 IPC world titles took silver in the 200m individual medley and bronze in the 50m freestyle and 4x100m freestyle relay.
- Born 15 weeks premature and has endured 46 bouts of surgery.
Jeremy McClure, freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke, vision impairment, S11
- Hereditary condition presented at age 15 and he began losing sight, becoming legally blind in the space of 10 weeks.
- Took up swimming and two years later made his first Paralympic team.
- Going to his third Paralympics.
- Last year he was reclassified as a S11 swimmer due to worsening vision.
- Broke the 50m backstroke world record in 32.22 seconds this year. The race isn’t on the Paralympic program but the result will boost his confidence in Rio.
Tiffany Thomas-Kane, breaststroke, short stature, SB6
- Last year, at her first international competition and aged just 13, crashed her way into the record books.
- Won gold in the S6 100m breaststroke at the 2015 IPC Swimming World Championships in world record time of 1m34.95sec.
- Also took silver in the 50m butterfly and bronze in 100m and 50m freestyle.
- Broke her own world record in the 50m breaststroke earlier this year.
- Trains alongside Olympic medallist James Magnussen
Prue Watt, freestyle, breaststroke, vision impairment, S13, SB13
- Started her career with a bang in Athens, with five silver and one bronze medal.
- In London she finally collected gold, in the 100m breaststroke.
- In 2013-2014, took a break from swimming and trained with the Australian Paralympic Alpine Skiing Team.
- Came back to swimming last year and made top eight in freestyle, butterfly and breaststroke events at the IPC World Championships in Glasgow.
- Born premature at 24 weeks, she now studies health science at UNSW.
Carol Cooke, road race, multiple sclerosis, T2
- In London, aged 51, she won gold in the tricycle class of the individual road time trial.
- Diagnosed with MS in 1998 and told she wouldn’t walk, defied her diagnosis and devotes herself to raising awareness of the condition.
- A former national swimmer in her native Canada who almost made the 1980 Canadian Olympic Team.
Alastair Donohoe, road race, Erbs palsy, C5
- A talented teenage cyclist, Donohoe suffered irreparable nerve damage to his right arm when he was caught in a rope while jumping into a creek in Darwin.
- Five years later he’s a three time world para cycling champion on the track and road, and aiming for gold on the road in Rio.
- Also competes in able-bodied events and wants to forge a professional career with an elite road cycling team.
- At the Australian titles in January this year finished fourth in the U-23 able-bodied road race.
Jess Gallagher, tandem sprint, vision impaired, B1
- A summer and winter Paralympian who competed in athletics, alpine skiing and is now going to Rio as a cyclist.
- Took up Para sport when she began to lose her sight.
- Was diagnosed with rare eye disease, cone dystrophy, when in Year 12.
- Made history at the Winter Paralympics in Vancouver 2010 with bronze in slalom – the first time an Australian woman had won a Winter Paralympic medal.
- Added athletics to her repertoire, competing in long jump and javelin at the London 2012 Paralympics.
- Another bronze medal in giant slalom at Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympics. Then tried cycling and this year became world champ and new world record holder in the tandem sprint.
- Works as an osteopath.
Kieran Modra, road race, pursuit, time trial, vision impaired, B3
- Going to his eighth Paralympics.
- Has competed in three different sports – athletics (javelin) in Seoul in 1988, swimming (backstroke) at Barcelona in 1992, and cycling in 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008 and 2012.
- Has won five Paralympic cycling gold medals including three consecutive in 4km individual pursuit (2004, 2008, 2012).
- Had bad accident on his bike in lead up to London, broke vertebrae in neck and spine, but recovered to win gold.
- Current world champion in 4km individual pursuit.
Sue Powell, road time trial and individual pursuit, spinal cord injury, C4
- Won Australia’s first gold medal of the London 2012 Paralympics in 3km individual pursuit.
- Added a silver medal on the road a few days later.
- Only took up cycling in 2007 after hockey injury caused spinal damage.
- Holds world title for the women’s 3km individual pursuit C4 and has claimed a medal at every World Championships since 2011.
Emma Booth, dressage, paraplegic, Grade 11
- Had never ridden a horse until, at age 11, she won a pony and riding lessons run by TV show ‘The Saddle Club.’
- Developed a passion and talent for competing but her world changed in 2013 when she was involved in a serious car accident which left her a paraplegic.
- Seven months later she was back on a horse again, and focused on riding for Australia at the Rio 2016 Paralympics.
Sharon Jarvis, limited movement on left side, equestrian Grade 111
- Competed at the Beijing 2008 Paralympics and placed fourth despite limited previous international competition.
- Missed the London Paralympics and has set her sights on a strong performance in Rio
- Suffered bone cancer aged 7
Curtis McGrath, K1 canoe, double limb loss, KL2
- Suffered terrible injuries in 2012 when a bomb exploded under him in Afghanistan, where he was serving as an Australian Army combat engineer.
- Vowed to represent his country again and took up para-canoeing.
- Two years later he was on top of the podium at the 2014 Para-canoe World Championships, winning the V1 200m event in a world record time.
- Always wears a bracelet with the names of Australian Defence Force engineers killed in Afghanistan since 2001, and dedicates his competitions to them.
Amanda Reynolds, Ki canoe, amputee, KL3
- Current world champion in the 200m.
- Took up paddling only a few years ago, in her 40s after taking part in the 404km Murray Marathon Challenge.
- Lived with chronic pain, depression and addiction to prescription medication for nearly 20 years following complications from a dislocated knee, until she had leg amputated through the knee in 2012.
Eric Horrie, single scull, paraplegia, A5
- Became a paraplegic at 21 in a car accident.
- Took up wheelchair basketball and debuted for the Rollers in international competition in 2009.
- Two years later made the switch to rowing and at the London 2012 Paralympics came second, claiming silver a day after having a seizure.
- The 36-year-old hasn’t lost a major event since London, crowned world champion in 2013-14-15.
- In 2014 voted International World Rower of the Year by the international governing body, FISA.
Kathryn Ross and Gavin Bellis, mixed double sculls (trunk and arms)
- Won last three world titles in their class.
- Narrowly missed a medal in London 2012 and have used that as motivation for Rio.
- Bellis played and coached rugby union before acquiring hereditary disorder which affects his co-ordination and balance in 2004.
- Ross started her Paralympics career in Beijing 2008, and came home with silver, winning Australia’s first ever Paralympic rowing medal.
- Had accident on ride-on lawn mower when she was two, which left her with a deformity in her right leg.
Jeremy McGrath, Kathleen Murdoch, Brock Ingram, Davinia Lefroy (Josephine Burnand coxswain) Mixed Coxed Four (legs, trunk and arms)
- First time Australia has qualified a boat in this class.
- McGrath and Murdoch came second in the double sculls at the 2014 world championships.
- Brock was formerly a para-canoe athlete and represented Australia at four world championships but switched to rowing.
- Murdoch and Lefroy are vision impaired, McGrath has his leg amputated below the knee and Ingram damaged his hand in a workplace accident.
Liesl Tesch and Daniel Fitzgibbon, SKUD 18
- Defending Paralympic champions and reigning world champions.
- Tesch captained the Australian women’s wheelchair basketball team, the Gliders, to two silver medals and one bronze from five Paralympics between 1992 and 2008.
- Her first Paralympics gold came as a sailor in London 2012, alongside Fitzgibbon who had seen her compete in the Sydney to Hobart yacht race and suggested she switch sports.
- Fitzgibbon was a competitive sailor in his teens and became a paraplegic when he fell off a jetty aged 21.
- Teschfell off her mountain bike when she was 19 and has incomplete paraplegia.
Jonathan Harris, Russell Boaden, Colin Harrison
- Won two World Cup gold medals last year and silver at the World Championships.
- Harrison, 55, is competing at his fourth Paralympics.
- They are currently ranked number one in the world
Daniela di Toro, singles, paraplegia
- Co-captain of 2016 Paralympic team.
- She’s going to her sixth Paralympics and her previous five were as a wheelchair tennis player.
- Won nine consecutive Australian Wheelchair Tennis Open singles titles, the last in 2008.
- Also won the US Open twice and was the World Singles Champion in 1998 and 1999. Silver medal in the women’s doubles at Sydney 2000 Paralympics. Works as a Chinese medicine practitioner. Became paraplegic at 14 when a wall collapsed on her.
Melissa Tapper, singles, Erbs palsy, Class 10
— SBS News (@SBSNews) March 30, 2016
- First Australian athlete to qualify for both Olympics and Paralympics.
- Began as a junior in able-bodied competitions and made an Australian junior team at 14.
- By 18 was number one junior female table tennis player in Australia.
- The Australian Paralympic Committee (APC) then suggested she try Paralympic table tennis, and she made the team for London.
- Sustained nerve damage in her right arm at birth and only has 30 per cent use.
Dylan Alcott, wheelchair tennis, paraplegia
— Dylan Alcott (@DylanAlcott) August 6, 2016
- Won gold with the Rollers at the 2008 Beijing Paralympics, and silver in London.
- Switched to wheelchair tennis in 2014 and has stormed up the rankings, winning 2014 British Open final and 2015 Australian Wheelchair Tennis Open.
- Currently ranked number two in his class.
- Born with a tumour wrapped around his spinal cord.
Bill Chaffey, triathlon, incomplete paraplegia, PT1
- A four-time world champion
- Wants to make a name for himself and Australia.
- The 40-year-old police officer was hit from behind by a truck in 2005 while training on his bike for an able-bodied triathlon. Took up Para sport inspired by Paralympic champion John Maclean. In 2011 after winning his world title, he was the first Paratriathlete to be accepted into the AIS triathlon program.
Katie Kelly, triathlon, Ushers Syndrome, PT5
- Made her debut for Australia last year at a world Paratriathlon event, and won gold in the PT5 class, with time ranked top five in the world.
- Weekly training regime consists of 5km swimming, 250km cycling and 40km of running
- Works full time as a Marketing Manager at Athletics NSW.
- Competed as an able-bodied triathlete and marathon runner until her sight degenerated to legally blind status.
The Rollers – 12 member team
- Went into London 2012 as reigning Paralympic and world champions but lost to Canada 64-58.
- Captain Brad Ness is going to his fifth Paralympics and he’s one of the few Paralympic athletes to make a living out of his sport.
- He plays wheelchair basketball professionally in Italy.
- Was injured in a work accident on a ferry when he was 18.
— AUS Olympic Team (@AUSOlympicTeam) September 5, 2016
The Steelers – 12 member team
- Reigning Paralympic and world champions.
- Led by three-time Paralympian, captain Ryan Scott, there are eight members of the gold medal team from London 2012 as well as four debutants.
- Team member Ryley Batt is now widely regarded as the best wheelchair rugby player in the world.
- He was born with a limb deficiency, doesn’t have legs and needed surgery to separate his fingers from each other.
- Didn’t use a wheelchair until age of 12, preferring a skateboard, using his hands to stop.
- Is an adrenaline junkie who rides quad bikes and motorbikes.
About the Paralympic Games
The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) is the global governing body of the Paralympic Movement. It organises the Paralympic Games and manages, supervises, administrates and promote Paralympic sporting events. It acts as the International Federation for nine sports, supervising and coordinating World Championships and other competitions.
Founded on 22 September 1989 as a non-profit organisation, the IPC is based in Bonn, Germany and develops sports opportunities for all people with an impairment from the beginner to the elite level.
The Paralympic movement began relatively recently as the dream of neurosurgeon Sir Ludwig Guttman in Stoke Mandeville, England. He was inspired to incorporate competitive sports into the rehabilitation of World War II veterans with spinal cord-related injuries.
Guttman’s dream was realised when the first competition for athletes in wheelchairs was held on the opening day of the 1948 Olympic Games in London.
Soon after, other disability groups established international sport organisations to facilitate athletic competitions. Multi-disability competitions were held and came to be known as the Paralympic Games.
The Paralympic Games were first held in Rome, Italy in 1960 and featured 400 athletes from 23 countries competing in 13 sports. Since then, the Paralympic Games have taken place every four years in the same year as the Olympic Games.
Since Seoul 1988 and Albertville 1992, the Games have taken place in the same venues as the Olympic Games. This arrangement has been formalised with the International Olympic Committee, first in 2000 through a cooperation agreement. In 2001, the two committees signed an agreement securing the practice of “one bid, one city,” meaning the same city will host both the Olympic and Paralympic Games.
Over the years, the Paralympic Games have grown dramatically attracting more athletes, countries, sports, spectators and broadcast and media coverage.
Paralympic sport exists so that athletes with disability have equal opportunities to compete and be successful in sport. Classification groups athletes who have similar impairments together into classes for competition in their particular sport. Each Paralympic sport has a different classification system.
An athlete who wishes to compete in Para-sport must have an eligible impairment that leads to a permanent activity limitation.
Each sport specific classification system details the impairment types within their sport. Athletes are required to provide medical documentation for classification that details their impairment type and level of impairment.